By Wim Zonneveld
The structure of the human language school has been one of many major foci of the linguistic examine of the final part century. This department of linguistics, generally referred to as Generative Grammar, is worried with the formula of explanatory formal money owed of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior target of gaining perception into the houses of the 'language organ'. The sequence contains prime quality monographs and picked up volumes that deal with such concerns. the themes during this sequence diversity from phonology to semantics, from syntax to details constitution, from mathematical linguistics to reports of the lexicon.
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Extra resources for A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology
Stem-final b, the voiced labial plosive, is found after monosegmental vowels only (cf. (46v)), with two exceptions: the noun- and adjective-forming suffix -foob »phobe*, of Greek origin, and the proper noun Zwaab »Swabian* (cf. Van Ginneken, 1934a: 13). The suffix -foob when used in an attributive adjective such as agorafobe »agoraphobe*, and the proper noun Zwaab in its plural Zwaben would satisfy the structural analysis of WEAKENING under the assumption that the focus is specified as voiced stop.
33 Likewise, HOMORGANIC GLIDE INSERTION (22) should be expanded with an additional subbranch, as in (31)· (31) Insert a homorganic glide in between a vowel or diphthong, and suffixal schwa. Since HOMDRGANIC GLIDE INSERTION provides a back glide after back vowels, WEAKENING cannot profit from this rule in its back vowel cases. Here j_ must be explicitly maintained in the formulation of the rule. 1(d)en 'to fight'; for 'weak' verbs with diphthongstems such as lei(d)en »to guide', lui(d)en 'to toll1, and wij(d)en 'to consecrate', which are all like duiden; and for houden/houwen 'to keep' (whose past tense hield(en) is irrelevant).
RETENTION OP SYLLABLE STRUCTURE. In this section, I will be concerned with an informal synchronic analysis of the alternations between forms such as displayed in the left-hand columns of (2) and (3), respectively, which I repeat here for convenience. » »herbs» ' old, attr. » Firstly, I will elaborate upon these data and similar ones, and formulate informal rules relating them, one of WEAKENING, and one of HOMDRGANIC GLIDE INSERTION. These rules will differentiate between vowels on the one hand, and diphthongs on the other.
A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology by Wim Zonneveld