Download e-book for kindle: A Companion to the Ancient Near East (Blackwell Companions by Daniel C. Snell

By Daniel C. Snell

ISBN-10: 0631232931

ISBN-13: 9780631232933

A spouse to the traditional close to East bargains scholars and common readers a finished assessment of close to jap civilization from the Bronze Age to the conquests of Alexander the good. Covers the civilizations of the Sumerians, Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, Israelites and Persians areas specific emphasis on social and cultural historical past Covers the legacy of the traditional close to East within the medieval and smooth worlds presents an invaluable bibliographical consultant to this box of analysis

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Extra resources for A Companion to the Ancient Near East (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

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The regional states (the extent of which ranged from 200,000 to 500,000 km2, or 77,220 to 193,050 square miles, roughly from the size of Great Britain to that of France) were: Egypt, the Hittite kingdom in Anatolia, the Hurrian state of Mitanni and later the Middle Assyrian kingdom in Upper Mesopotamia, Kassite Babylonia in Lower Mesopotamia, and Elam on the Iranian plateau. The minor polities were annexed or integrated into the major powers in two ways, either direct annexation or indirect rule.

The ethnic confederacies of the Medes and the Northern Arabs were no longer an outer periphery, but they became an integral part of the system. Farther away, the Greek cities and the South Arabian caravan cities were also becoming more and more linked through trade and mercenary military service to the Near Eastern world. The system remained mostly stable during half a century, although the Medes included Armenia and Cappadocia under their hegemony, and the last king of Babylonia (Nabonidus, 555–539) conquered North Arabia at the very end of the period.

Both to give and to receive gifts increased prestige in the eyes of the kings and of the public. The ideology of gifts based on disinterest and on more valuable return gifts was formally expressed, but actually contradicted by miserable bargains and obvious greed. Gifts were just the tip of the iceberg when compared to normal trade exchange. It has been calculated that the biggest amount of copper sent as a gift from the king of Cyprus to the pharaoh was just 5 percent of the copper found in a single cargo shipwrecked off the coast of Turkey.

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A Companion to the Ancient Near East (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World) by Daniel C. Snell

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