By ACI Committee 318
318-14 and 318.2 public dialogue draft UNprotected
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Extra resources for 318-14 and 318.2 public discussion draft UNprotected
9 steel element, brittle — Element with a tensile test elongation of less than 14 percent, or reduction in area of less 10 than 30 percent at failure. 11 steel element, ductile — Element with a tensile test elongation of at least 14 percent and reduction in area of at least 30 12 percent; Steel element meeting the requirements of ASTM A307 shall be considered ductile; except as modified by for 13 earthquake effects, deformed reinforcing bars meeting the requirements of ASTM A615, A706, or A955 shall be 14 considered as ductile steel elements.
The individual load factors and additive combination reflect the variability in magnitude of the individual load effect, the probability of simultaneous occurrence of various load effects, and the assumptions and approximations made in the structural analysis when determining required design strengths. A typical design approach, when linear analysis is applicable, is to analyze the structure for individual unfactored load cases, and then combine the individual unfactored load cases in a factored load combination to determine the design load effects.
4 — Where system behavior requires in-plane loads to transportation, erection, and the final interconnected be transferred between the members of a precast floor or wall configuration. Consequently, the member design system, (a) and (b) shall be satisfied: forces to be considered may differ in magnitude and (a) In-plane load paths shall be continuous through both connections and members. direction with varying critical sections at various stages of construction. For example, a precast (b) Where tension loads occur, a load path of steel or flexural member may be simply supported for dead steel reinforcement, with or without splices, shall be load effects before continuity at the supporting 52 This draft is not final and is subject to revision.
318-14 and 318.2 public discussion draft UNprotected by ACI Committee 318